Factory source manufacturing Stainless Steel Wholesale to Myanmar
Stainless steels generally contain between 10-20%chromium as the main alloying element and are valued for high corrosionresistance. With over 11% chromium, steel is about 200 times moreresistant to corrosion than mild steel. These steels can be divided into three groups based on their crystalline structure: Austenitic: Austenitic steels are non-magnetic and non heat-treatable, andgenerally contain 18% chromium, 8% nickel and less than 0.8% carbon. Austenitic steels form the largest po...
Our development depends on the advanced equipment ,excellent talents and continuously strengthened technology forces for Factory source manufacturing Stainless Steel Wholesale to Myanmar, We sincerely welcome overseas customers to consult for the long-term cooperation and the mutual development.We strongly believe that we can do better and better.
Stainless steels generally contain between 10-20%
chromium as the main alloying element and are valued for high corrosion
resistance. With over 11% chromium, steel is about 200 times more
resistant to corrosion than mild steel. These steels can be divided into
three groups based on their crystalline structure:
Austenitic steels are non-magnetic and non heat-treatable, and
generally contain 18% chromium, 8% nickel and less than 0.8% carbon. Austenitic steels
form the largest portion of the global stainless steel market and are
often used in food processing equipment, kitchen utensils and piping.
Ferritic: Ferritic steels contain trace amounts of nickel, 12-17% chromium, less than 0.1% carbon, along with other alloying elements, such as molybdenum, aluminum or titanium. These magnetic steels cannot be hardened with heat treatment, but can be strengthened by cold working.
Martensitic steels contain 11-17% chromium, less than 0.4% nickel and
up to 1.2% carbon. These magnetic and heat-treatable steels are used in
knives, cutting tools, as well as dental and surgical equipment.
Excitonic States in Crystalline Organic Semiconductors:
A Condensed Matter Approach
Lane W. Manning
Advisor: Dr. Madalina Furis
Doctor of Philosophy
With increased interest in organic semiconducting systems for many varied research and commercial applications, crystalline thin films of small molecules present an intriguing system for both fundamental and applied studies of electronic properties and exchange interactions in the larger field of organic electronics. Their optical, transport and magnetic properties belong to an intermediate regime where well-established models fail to fully describe the electronic behavior and do not accurately predict the experimental observations.
With this in mind, the nature of the dynamics of diffusion and delocalization of excitons (or electron-hole pairs) becomes a necessity for understanding and eventually controlling the behavior of these materials in organic electronic applications. Furthermore, the processing method, purity, and crystalline quality of the films themselves can also greatly impact exciton behavior. Novel solution-processing deposition techniques in tandem with chemical synthesis design of small molecule soluble derivatives represent a viable avenue for exploring these excitons using organic analogues of semiconductor alloyed systems, where excitonic properties could be tunable through alloy concentration.
In this work, a new condensed matter approach to the study of excitons based crystalline thin films of the organic molecule phthalocyanine (Pc) is introduced. The premise is inspired by a wealth of studies in inorganic semiconductor ternary alloys (such as AlGaN, InGaN, SiGe) where tuning compositional disorder can result in exciton localization by alloy potential fluctuations. Comprehensive absorption, luminescence, linear dichroism and electron radiative lifetime studies were performed on both pure and alloy samples of metal-free octabutoxy-phthalocyanine (H2OBPc) and transition metal octabutoxy-phthalocyanines (MOBPc), where M = Mn, Co, Ni, and Cu. Varying the ratios of the metal to metal-free OBPcs in all of these studies, as well as looking across a temperature range from 4 Kelvin up to room temperature is essential for quantifying the exciton wavefunction delocalization in crystalline thin films. Furthermore, a comparative study is performed across organic aromatic ringed molecules of different sizes in the same family: phthalocyanine, naphthalocyanine (NOBPc) and tetra-phenyl porphyrin (TPP). In an analogy to nanocrystals and their size effects, variations in π-conjugated ring sizes imply an altering in the number of delocalized electrons, impacting the wavefunction overlap between π-π orbitals along the perpendicular axis of neighboring molecules. Finally, complementary measurements that assess crystallinity of the in-house deposited thin films, including individual grain absorption, small angle x-ray scattering images, polarized microscope images and a new unique LD microscopy dual imagingluminescence technique are also discussed.
Last year we melted a piston, in our KB Cobra, due to a faulty aftermarket injector. At that time we were making 596 rwhp and 540 rwtq STD, pumping 18 lbs through it, with 50 lb injectors, Pro M meter, Mac cat back, Magna Flow catted X, with stock pumps and rails. When we put it back together, we decided to make some changes, so in went the VT Engines billet 302″ stroker short block, Fox Lake stage 2 heads, Kooks 1 5/8″ stainless long tubes, MSD 72 lb injectors with Pro M driver, CPR fuel rails and two RS Focus pumps. After solving some tuning glitches, using EFI Solutions, and with only 15 lbs of boost on 93 octane gas we made 605 rwhp and 555 rwtq . I’m real happy with the results. Below is our laundry list of parts. JOE
VT Engines “Stroker 302″ short block, including oliver billet rods, CP pistons,4340 forged steel crank, Canton oil pan & windae tray, Billet oil pump.
Heads, Ferrara valves, Mod Max valve springs, titanium retainers and locks, Stage II porting by Fox Lake.
72 lb MSD injectors with CPR fuel rails, two Focus fuel pumps in tank.
Billet flow throttle body and Pro-M 92mm mass air, 1 5/8″ stainless steel Kooks long tube headers, X pipe with cats and Mac cat back., Kenne Bell Supercharger, Custom tune by Mustang magic using EFI solutions.
Front coil over kit & rear springs by Kenny Brown,Bilstein shocks, Steeda front sway bar, Maximum Motorsports caster camber plates, Steeda Brembo front disc brakes.
ROH Modena three piece wheels 18 x 9 front with 265/35/18, rear 18 x 11 with 335/30/18 Michelin Pilot Sports.
DSS Stage II axles & Billet flow rear end support, 3.73 gears, Spec Stage II clutch.
Mucho dyno time
All for a garnd total of…………………
605 RWHP / 555 RWTQ