Ordinary Discount D2 Tool Steel | 1.2379 | X153CrMo12 | SKD11 Wholesale to Turkey
1. Relevant D2 Steel Specifications Country USA German Japan Standard ASTM A681 DIN EN ISO 4957 JIS G4404 Grades D2 1.2379/X153CrMo12 SKD11 2. D2 Tool Steel Chemical Composition ASTM A681 C Mn P S Si Cr V Mo D2 1.4 1.6 0.1 0.6 0.03 0.03 0.1 0.6 11 13 0.5 1.1 0.7 1.2 DIN ISO 4957 C Mn P S Si Cr V Mo 1.2379/X153CrMo12 1.45 1.6 0.2 0.6 0.03 0.03 0.15 1.6 11 13 0.7 1 0.7 1 JIS G4404 C Mn P S Si Cr V Mo SKD11 1.4 1.6 0.6 0.03 0.03 0.4 11 13 0.2 0.5 0.8 1.2 3. AISI Grade...
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1. Relevant D2 Steel Specifications
|Standard||ASTM A681||DIN EN ISO 4957||JIS G4404|
2. D2 Tool Steel Chemical Composition
|DIN ISO 4957||C||Mn||P||S||Si||Cr||V||Mo|
3. AISI Grade D2 Steel Mechanical Properties
|Hardness, Knoop (converted from Rockwell C hardness)||769||769|
|Hardness, Rockwell C||62||62|
|Izod impact unnotched||77.0 J||56.8 ft-lb|
|Elastic modulus||190-210 GPa||27557-30457 ksi|
|Thermal expansion||10.4 x 10-6/ºC||20-100||
4. AISI/ASTM A681 D2 Grade Steel Forging
Heating for forging of AISI D2 tool steel should
be done slowly and uniformly. Soak through at 1850°-1950°F and reheat as often
as necessary, stopping work when the temperature drops below 1700°F(926℃). After D2
die steel forging, cool slowly in lime, mica, dry ashes or furnace. AISI D2 steel
should always be annealed after forging.
5. D2 Tool Steel Heat Treatment
ASTM D2 steels alloy should be preheated very slowly to 815oC (1500oF) and then temperature can be increased to 1010oC (1850oF). They are then held at 1010oC (1850oF) for 20 to 45 minutes and air cooled (air quenched).
Annealing of D2 tool steels material should be done at 871 to 898oC (1600 to 1650oF) followed by slow furnace cooling at 4.4oC (40oF) per hour or less.after which cooling rate may be increased. Suitable precautions must be taken to prevent excessive carburization or decarburization.
When desirable to relieve the strains of machining, heat D2 grade steel slowly to 1050°-1250°F, allow to equalize, and then cool in still air (Strain Relieving).
Preheat Prior To Hardening
Preheat slowly to 1350°-1450°F and hold at this temperature until grade steel D2 material is uniformly heated.
After thorough preheating, heat to 1800°-1850°F. Hold the work piece at the hardening temperature until it is completely and uniformly heated.
AISI D2 steel tool material is an air hardening steel and will develop hardness on cooling in still air. To avoid scaling and prevent decarburization of the work piece surface, controlled atmosphere or vacuum furnaces are recommended. If these furnaces are not available, pack hardening, salt baths or wrapping the piece in stainless steel foil will provide some degree of surface protection in the hardening process. Parts should be allowed to cool to 150F, or to where they can be held in the bare hand, and then temper immediately.
The tempering temperature on material D2 steel may be varied according to the desired hardness. D2 steels can be tempered at 204oC (400oF) for achieving Rockwell C hardness of 61 and at 537oC (1000oF) for a Rockwell C hardness of 54.
6. D2 Tool Steel Material Application
AISI grade D2 tool steels are used for long run tooling applications, where wear resistance is important, such as blanking or forming dies and thread rolling dies.
Some main applications for D2 tool steel are as below:
Blanking Dies, Forming Dies, Coining Dies, Slitting Cutters, Heading Tools, Long Punches, Forming Rolls, Edging Rolls, Master Tools, Beading Rolls, Intricate Punches, Extrusion Dies, Drawing Dies, Lamination Dies, Thread Rolling Dies, Shear Blades, Burnishing Tools, Gauges, Knurls, Wear Parts.
We usually hold D2 tool steel on sale activities, and you would have our price on regular schedule. Contact us and sign in our newsletter to have D2 tool steel materials price list and commercial quote today.
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In 2010, U.S. nonferrous scrap recuperation included:
Light weight aluminum Recycling
Obtaining to acknowledge the significant kinds of scrap steel is an essential step in ending up being a successful scrap steel vendor.
With a recovery of 4.6 million metric heaps annually in the U.S, more aluminum is recycled compared to any kind of other nonferrous metals. Light weight aluminum is light and normally easy to flex. It will not produce triggers on a grinding wheel, as well as is nonmagnetic, unlike similarly tinted metals such as steel. Although aluminum comes in different grades, it is hard to recognize in between them.
Copper Recycling Azusa
Similar to any type of metal, less contamination improves the value, such as dismantling equipment to divide different types of metal, or getting rid of various other contaminants such as covering with concrete or other product. Webbing and screws need to be removed from patio chair. Look for aluminum scrap in real estate and demolition projects, consisting of door and also window frameworks, rain gutters, exterior siding, and wire. In vehicle stores, aluminum can be located in transmission housings and pistons.
Copper is the 3rd most widely recycled nonferrous metal. Actually, over 80% of copper ever before generated still exists. It is easy to determine as a result of its distinct colour, as well as that it is nonmagnetic. When placed against a grinding wheel, copper will certainly not spark.
Stainless-steel is the second most frequently recycled nonferrous metal. It includes steel alloys that includes a minimal proportion of chromium. An additional steel frequently utilized as an alloy in stainless steel is nickel. Unlike various other nonferrous metals, stainless-steel could be magnetic, depending after nickel content. Extra nickel lowers the magnetic buildings of the stainless-steel. Stainless-steel will trigger in feedback to a grinding wheel.
Brass is an alloy of copper and also zinc, along with percentages of other metals including manganese, tin, iron or light weight aluminum. The color variety of brass consists of red, yellow, silver and gold. In terms of magnetic attraction, it could reveal from nonmagnetic to a little magnetic. On the grinding wheel it will range between no stimulating to brief red stimulates.
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A torture test of two wheels, one steel, one aluminum. Lets see which one survives the shootout and lives to roll another day.
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