High Definition For C45 Round Bar | AISI 1045 | DIN 1.1191 | JIS S45C Factory for Mombasa
Steel C45 Round Bar is an unalloyed medium carbon steel, which is also a general carbon engineering steel. C45 is a medium strength steel with good machinability and excellent tensile properties. C45 round steel is generally supplied in the black hot rolled or occasionally in the normalised condition, with a typical tensile strength range 570 – 700 Mpa and Brinell hardness range 170 – 210 in either condition. It does not however respond satisfactorily to nitriding due to a lack of suita...
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an unalloyed medium carbon steel, which is also a general carbon
engineering steel. C45 is a medium strength steel with good
machinability and excellent tensile properties. C45 round steel is
generally supplied in the black hot rolled or occasionally in the
normalised condition, with a typical tensile strength range 570 – 700
Mpa and Brinell hardness range 170 – 210 in either condition. It does
not however respond satisfactorily to nitriding due to a lack of
suitable alloying elements.
C45 round bar steel is equivalent to
Steel C45 bar or plate is suitable for the manufacture of parts such as
gears, bolts, general-purpose axles and shafts, keys and studs.
1. Supply Range of Steel C45 Round Bar
C45 Steel Round Bar: diameter 8mm – 3000mm
C45 Steel Plate: thickness 10mm – 1500mm x width 200mm – 3000mm
C45 Steel Flat Bar: 200mm – 1000mm
Square C45 Steel: 20mm-800mm
Surface Finish: Black, Rough Machined, Turned or as per given requirements.
2. Common C45 Steel Specifications
|Standard||EN 10083-2||AS 1442|
3. C45 Round Bar Steel Chemical Composition Properties
4. Mechanical Properties of C45 Round Bar Steel Material
Mechanical Properties in Quenched+Tempered Condition
|Diameter d (mm)||Thickness t (mm)||0.2 % proof stress (N/mm2)||Tensile strength (N/mm2)||Elongation A5 (%)||Reduction Z (%)|
|<16||<8||min. 490||700-850||min. 14||min. 35|
|<17-40||<8<=20||min. 430||650-800||min. 16||min. 40|
|<41-100||<20<=60||min. 370||630-780||min. 17||min. 45|
Mechanical Properties in Normalized Condition
|Diameter d (mm)||Thickness t (mm)||0.2 % proof stress (N/mm2)||Tensile strength (N/mm2)||Elongation A5(%)|
|<16||<16||min. 390||min. 620||min. 14|
|<17-100||<16<=100||min. 305||min. 305||min. 16|
|<101-250||<100<250||min. 275||min. 560||min. 16|
5. Forging of Carbon Steel C45 Round Bar
Hot forming temperature: 850-1200oC.
heat to 750 oC – 800 oC, then continue heating to 1100 oC – 1200 oC
maximum, hold until temperature is uniform throughout the section and
commence forging immediately. Forging is not workable below 850 oC.
Finished forgings could be air cooled.
We are strong on forged steel C45 round bar. Welcome enquiry of C45 steel materials.
6. DIN C45 Round Bar Steel Grade Heat Treatment
|Forging or hot rolling:||1100 – 850°C|
|Normalising:||840 – 880°C/air|
|Soft annealing:||680 – 710°C/furnace|
|Hardening:||820 – 860°C/water, oil|
|Tempering:||550 – 660°C/air|
7. Hardening of DIN C45 Steel Hardening
Harden from a temperature of 820-860oC followed by water or oil quenching.
to 820 oC – 850 oC hold until temperature is uniform throughout the
section, soak for 10 – 15 minutes per 25mm of section, and quench in
water or brine. Or,
Heat to 830 oC – 860 oC soak as above and quench in oil.Temper immediately while still hand warm.
Surface hardness for C45 special steel round bar after flame or induction hardning:
Steel Name Steel number Surface Harndess
C45 1.1191 min. 55 HRC
8. Application of DIN Carbon Steel C45 Round Bar
C45 round bar steel material and steel plate C45, flats are widely used
in all industry for uses which require more strength and wear
resistance than the low carbon mild steel.
subsequently tempered steel for C45 steel grade round bar, steel plate,
flat and square is used for axles, bolts, forged connecting rods,
crankshafts, torsion bars, light gears, guide rods, screws, forgings,
wheel tyres, shafts, sickles, axes, knives, wood working drills,
Welcome customers to inquiry DIN C45 round bar,
CK45/1.1191 steel plate, flat steel for C45 steel price. We are
professional supplier and exporter for more than 20 years. We offer you
worldwide solution for C45 round bar steel.
http://www.airplanecrash-lawyer.com Helicopter Shot Peening Process
Griffith Park Helicopter Crash Trial Animation
The Bell 205A-1 tail rotor yoke is heat treated, forged 15-5 PH (precipitation hardened) stainless steel with an ultimate tensile strength of 170-200 KSI. The yoke has cross-sections of reduced thickness to allow for flexure, and cadmium plating for corrosion resistance.
After the yoke in this case was machined, it underwent a process called “shot peening.” This animation depicts the shot peening process – tiny beads are blasted onto the yoke. This process induces residual compressive stresses that impart greater fatigue strength to the yoke. One of the issues in the case was whether this Bell 205A-1 tail rotor yoke had been subjected to shot peening that did not conform to Bell Helicopter Process Specification (BPS) 4409. Inadequate shot peening reduces the residual compressive stress and fatigue strength of the yoke.
Baum Hedlund had this animation prepared as one of several to be shown as evidence during the 2006 product liability trial at Los Angeles Superior Court against Bell Helicopter Textron, Inc., and Bell Technical Services, Inc. The trial was conducted by lead trial counsel Ronald L. M. Goldman and J. Clark Aristei of Baum, Hedlund, Aristei & Goldman.
History: A Bell Model 205A-1 helicopter, owned and operated by the LAFD crashed in Griffith Park during an airlift rescue operation in Los Angeles on March 23, 1998. The helicopter was airlifting an injured child from a car accident when the helicopter’s tail rotor yoke failed and caused the aircraft to crash, destroying the helicopter and killing the child, two LAFD paramedics and an LAFD helicopter apparatus operator. Read more at: http://www.airplanecrash-lawyer.com/PracticeAreas/Helicopter-accidents.asp
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