12 Years Factory 410 Stainless Steel in Moldova
410 Stainless Steel Mechanical Properties Condition Ultimate Tensile Strength (PSI) 0.2% Yield Strength (PSI) Elongation (% In 2in.) Reduction Of Area (%) Hardness Brinell Hardness Rockwell T 100,000 80,000 12 40 * * H 120,000 90,000 12 40 * * Annealed 70,000 40,000 16 45 * * Class2 110,000 85,000 15 45 269 Max * NACE MRO 175 * * * * * 410 Stainless Steel Applications Pump Shafts Valve Components Gas and Steam Turbine Components 410 Stainless Steel Composition Ca...
We thinks what customers think, the urgency of urgency to act in the interests of a customer position of principle, allowing for better quality, lower processing costs, prices are more reasonable, won the new and old customers the support and affirmation for 12 Years Factory 410 Stainless Steel in Moldova, We cordially welcome customers from at home and abroad to join us and cooperate with us to enjoy a better future.
410 Stainless Steel Mechanical Properties
(% In 2in.)
410 Stainless Steel Applications
- Pump Shafts
- Valve Components
- Gas and Steam Turbine Components
410 Stainless Steel Composition
- Carbon 0.080-0.150
- Chromium 11.50-13.50
- Manganese 1.0 Max
- Phosphorus 1.0 Max
- Silicon 1.00 Max
- Sulfur 0.030 Max
Backed by Industry Standards
- UNS S41000
- ASTM A182
- ASTM A276
- ASTM A479
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Geologists and geophysicists have agreed on the existence of a “prospect”, a potential field. In order to find out if hydrocarbons are indeed trapped in the reservoir rock, we must drill to hit them. Bearing in mind the knowledge acquired about the substratum and the topography of the land, the best position for the installation of the drilling equipment is determined. Generally it is vertically above the point of maximum thickness of the geological layer suspected of containing hydrocarbons. The drillers then make a hole in conditions that are sometimes difficult.
Of small diameter (from 20 to 50 cm) this hole will generally go down to a depth of between 2000 and 4000 meters. Exceptionally, certain wells exceed 6000 m. One of them has even exceeded 11 000 m! Certain fields can be buried at a depth equivalent to the height of 12 Eiffel Towers … The derrick is the visible part of the drilling rig. It is a metal tower several tens of meters high. It is used to vertically introduce the drill strings down the hole. These drill strings are made up of metallic tubes screwed end to end. They transmit a rotating movement (rotary drilling) to the drilling tool (the drill bit) and help circulate a liquid called “mud” (because of its appearance) down to the bottom of the well.
The drilling rig works like an enormous electric hand-drill of which the derrick would be the body, the drill strings the drive and the drilling tool the drill bit. The most usual tool is an assembly of three cones — from which comes the name “tri cone” — in very hard steel, which crushes the rock. Sometimes when the rock being drilled is very resistant, a single- block tool encrusted with diamonds is used. This wears down the rock by abrasion. Through the drill pipes, at the extremity of which the drill bit rotates, a special mud is injected, which the mud engineer prepares and controls. This mud cools the drill bit and consolidates the sides of the borehole. Moreover it avoids a gushing of oil, gas or water from the layer being drilled, by equilibrating the pressure.
Finally, the mud cleans the bottom of the well. As it makes its way along the pipes, it carries the rock fragments (cuttings) to the surface. The geologist examines these cuttings to discover the characteristics of the rocks being drilled and to detect eventual shows of hydrocarbons. The cuttings, fragments of rock crushed by the drill bit, are brought back up to the surface by the mud. To obtain information on the characteristics of the rock being drilled, a core sample is taken. The drill bit is replaced by a hollow tool called a core sampler, which extracts a cylindrical sample of several meters of rock. This core supplies data on the nature of the rock, the inclination of the layers, the structure, permeability, porosity, fluid content and the fossils present. After having drilled a few hundred of meters, the explorers and drillers undertake measurements down the hole called loggings, by lowering electronic tools into the well to measure the physical parameters of the rock being drilled.
These measures validate, or invalidate, or make more precise the hypotheses put forward earlier about the rocks and the fluids that they contain. The log engineer is responsible for the analysis of the results of the various loggings. The sides of the well are then reinforced by steel tubes screwed end to end. These tubes (called casings) are cemented into the ground. They isolate the various layers encountered. When hydrocarbons are found, and if the pressure is sufficient to allow them come to the surface naturally, the drillers do a flow check. The oil is allowed to come to the surface during several hours or several days through a calibrated hole.
The quantity recovered is measured, as are the changes in pressure at the bottom of the well. In this way, a little more knowledge is gained about the probable productivity of the field. If the field seems promising, the exploration team ends the first discovery well and goes on to drill a second, even several others, several hundred or thousand meters further away. In this way, the exploration team is able to refine its knowledge about the characteristics of the field. The decision to stop drilling is made only when all these appraisal wells have provided sufficient information either to give up the exploration or to envisage future production.
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Steel is a material that is 100% recyclable. This saves resources and energy when producing it. At Uddeholm, we work hard to make our production ever more environmental friendly and efficient, for instance by improving processes, using LNG instead of petroleum products, reusing waste products, reducing emissions and more. For us, clean steel is green steel.
In this movie, Cecilia Johnsson, Environmetal Manager at Uddeholms AB embodies this work. The movie was part of voestalpine AG’s brand campaign in january 2013.,